Machu Picchu (Quechua I SURENO Machu pikchu, “Old Mountain”) is the contemporary name given to a llaqta (old Andean village) Inca built in the mid fifteenth century in the rocky promontory that links the mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu the eastern slopes of the Central Cordillera, southern Peru and 2490 m (altitude of the main square). Its original name was Picchu or Picho.
Machu Picchu Peru vip documents tripsSegún mid-sixteenth century, Machu Picchu would have been one of the residences rest of Pachacutec (first Inca of Tahuantinsuyo, 1438-1470). However, some of its finest buildings and ceremonial evident from the main gateway to the llaqta demonstrate that this was used as a religious sanctuary. Both uses, the palace and the temple, it would have been incompatible. Some experts seem to have ruled, however, an alleged military, so the popular descriptions of “strength” or “Inca citadel” could have been overcome.
Machu Picchu is considered both a masterpiece of architecture and engineering. Its unique architectural features and landscaping, and the veil of mystery that has woven around much of the literature published on the site, have become one of the most popular tourist destinations on the planet.
Machu Picchu is on the List of World Heritage of UNESCO since 1983 as part of a whole set cultural and ecological known under the name Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. The July 7, 2007 Machu Picchu was declared one of the new seven wonders of the modern world in a ceremony in Lisbon, Portugal, which was attended by one hundred million voters worldwide.
Archaeological Park of Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu Peru vip tripsSe within 13s 9 ’47 “south latitude and 72s 32′ 44” west longitude. Part of the district of the same name, in the province of Urubamba, Department of Cusco, Peru. The nearest major city is Cusco, present regional and ancient capital of the Inca capital, 130 km away.
The mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu are part of a formation known as orographic Vilcabamba Batholith in the Central Cordillera of the Peruvian Andes. They are located on the left bank of the Urubamba canyon called, formerly known as Quebrada de Picchu. At the foot of hills and practically surrounding them, runs the Vilcanota-Urubamba River. Inca archaeological site is located halfway between the tops of both mountains, 450 meters above the valley and 2438 meters above the sea. The built-up area is about 530 meters long and 200 wide, with 172 buildings in its urban area. Biogeographically it is located in the Peruvian Yungas ecoregion.
The ruins, themselves, are within an intangible territory of the National System of Protected Natural Areas (SINANPE), called Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary, which extends over an area of 32,592 hectares (80 535 acres or 325.92 km) from the basin of the Vilcanota River – Urubamba (the Willka Mayu or “sacred river” of the Incas). The Historical Sanctuary protects a series of biological species in danger of extinction and several Inca establishments, including Machu Picchu is considered main.
Forms of access to the citadel of Machu Picchu:
Machu Picchu Peru vip tripsLa archaeological site itself is only accessible either from the Inca roads leading to it, or using the road Hiram Bingham (amounting the slope of the hill Machu Picchu from the train station of Puente Ruinas, located the canyon). Neither of the two forms exempts to the visitor entrance price to the ruins.
That road, however, is not integrated into the national road network in Peru. Born in the town of Aguas Calientes, which in turn can only be accessed by rail (about 3 hours from Cusco) or helicopter (30 minutes from Cusco). The absence of a direct road to the sanctuary of Machu Picchu is intentional and allows to control the flow of visitors to the area, which, given its nature of national reserve, is particularly sensitive to the crowds. This, however, has not prevented the disorderly growth (criticized by the cultural authorities) of Aguas Calientes, who lives and tourism, hotels and restaurants as there are different categories here.
To reach Machu Picchu by the main Inca Trail must do a walk of about three days. This requires taking the train until km 82 of the railroad Cusco – Aguas Calientes, from where the walking tour. Some visitors take a local bus from Cusco to Ollantaytambo (via Urubamba) and then take a shuttle to the mentioned km 82. Once there cross the railway to cover the 32 km there to Aguas Calientes.
Climate Machu Picchu:
The weather is hot and humid during the day and cool at night. The temperature ranges between 12 and 24 degrees Celsius. The area is generally rainy (about 1,955 annual mm), especially between November and March. The rains, which are abundant, rapidly alternating with periods of intense sunshine.