CUSCO CITY – PERU
About Cusco – Peru Vip Trips…
is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province. In 2007, the city had a population of 358,935. Located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cuzco, its elevation is around 3,400 m (11,200 ft).
Cusco was the site of the historic capital of the Inca Empire and was declared a world Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO. It is a major tourist destination and receives almost 2 million visitors a year. It is designated as the Historical Capital of Peru by the constitution of Peru.
The indigenous name of this city is Qusqu. Although it was used in Quechua, its origin has been found in the Aymara language. The word itself originated in the phrase qusqu wanka (‘Rock of the owl’), attending to the foundational myth of the Ayar Siblings. According to this legend, Ayar Awqa (Ayar Auca) got wings and flew to the site of the future city and transformed into a rock to mark the possession of the land by his ayllu (‘linage’)
Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire (13th century-1532). Many believe that the city was planned as an effigy in the shape of a puma, a sacred animal. Under the Inca, the city had two sectors: the urin and hanan. Each was further divided to encompass two of the four provinces, Chinchaysuyu (NW), Antisuyu (NE), Kuntisuyu (SW) and Qullasuyu (SE). A road led from each of these quarters to the corresponding quarter of the empire. Each local leader was required to build a house in the city and live part of the year in Cusco, but only in the quarter that corresponded to the quarter of the empire in which he had territory. After the rule of Pachacutic, when an Inca died, his title went to one son and his property was given to a corporation controlled by his other relatives (the process was called split inheritance). Each title holder had to build a new house and add new lands to the empire, in order to own the land his family needed to maintain after his death.
According to Inca legend, the city was built by Sapa inca Pachacutic, the man who transformed the Kingdom of Cuzco from a sleepy city-state into the vast empire of Tawantinsuyu. Archaeological evidence, however, points to a slower, more organic growth of the city beginning before Pachacuti. The city was constructed according to a definite plan, and two rivers were channeled around the city. Archaeologists such as Larry Coben have suggested the city plan was replicated at other sites throughout the empire.
The city fell to the sphere of Huascar in the division of the empire after the death of Wayna Qapaq in 1527. It was captured by the generals of Atahuallpa in April 1532 in the Battle of Quipaipan. Nineteen months later, Spanish explorers invaded the city (see battle of Cusco).
It is unknown how Cusco was built, or how its stones were quarried.
Cusco has a subtropical hightland climate (Koppen Cwb). Its climate is generally dry and temperate, with two defined seasons. The dry season lasts from April to October, with abundant sunshine, and occasional nighttime freezes: July is the coolest month with an average of 9.6 °C (49.3 °F). The wet season lasts from November to March, with night frost less common: November averages 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). Although frost and hail are common, snow is virtually unheard of. The only snowfall ever recorded was in June 1911.
Cusco was found in 2006 to be the spot on Earth with the highest ultraviolet light level.
As capital to the Inca Empire, Cusco was an important agricultural region. It was a natural reserve for thousands of native Peruvian species, including around 3,000 varieties of potato cultivated by the people. Recently many fusion and neo-Andean restaurants have developed in Cusco, in which the cuisine is prepared with modern techniques and incorporates a blend of traditional Andean and international ingredients.
Tourist attractions in Cusco Tours – Peru Vip Trips:
Cusco City Tours it can highlight the capital’s Plaza de Armas or Huacaypata, the Cathedral of Cusco or Cuzco (in which reciento saved the Lord of the Earthquakes, the patron of Cuzco), House of the Four Busts, the Convent of Santo Domingo (built over the Koricancha or Temple of the Sun), the house where Garcilaso de la Vega was born (now Regional History Museum) and the Barrio de San Blas. La Merced Church, which has a custodial gold over one meter in height, which has 1,528 diamonds and 600 pearls and is considered one of the most famous works of world jewelry. It is also in this church are the remains of the old Diego de Almagro Diego de Almagro and the Mozo. We also find museums, including the Museum of Popular Art and the Museum of pre-Columbian art.
On the outskirts of the city of Cusco, Sacsayhuaman stands impressive as the great protector of the ancient city of Cusco or Cuzco; further, the amphitheater of Kenko, the strength of Pucca Pucara and Pucapucara and, as in the Sacred Valley of the Incas, Pisac and impressive terraces, Moray, Yucay, Urubamba, Chinchero, Ollantaytambo, where we find the fortress of Ollantaytambo which it is the beginning of Qhapac Nan (Camino Inca or Inca trail to Machupicchu Classic). Finally, in the heights, the amazing Machu Picchu “Wonder of the World”, a World Heritage Site and one of the new wonders of the world. This department is the second largest glacier system in the tropical Andes, the Cordillera Vilcanota where the snow of Ausangate trek is also highlights the Manu National Park, one of the richest in the world.
TOURS CUSCO: MAIN TOURIST ATTRACTIONS ARE:
1 – Andahuaylillas – Tours Cusco
Town where stands the church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas, built in the early seventeenth century. Adorn your inner golden altars, paintings and murals Cusco School and silver jewelry.
Beautiful is also enhanced by its square Pisonay trees. A few miles further we reached the town of Huaro where Warlocks residing Inca times.
2 – Barrio de San Blas – Cusco Tours
This city is famous for can find the most important artists of the region. We could see an amazing popular fair, craft stores, beautiful squares and walk along the narrow streets where you can see the colonial architecture and the church of San Blas, the oldest in the entire city.
We can also share with the community customs and enjoy the food of the region.
3 – Maras – Cusco Tours
Maras Tours: Shows a large church and beautiful houses with coats of noble Indians, reflecting an era of prosperity for the colony.
Site obligatory stop at the salt mines, exploited since imperial times to today, where we can participate in the extraction of this mineral, using the technique of those times.
4 – Moray – Cusco Tours
Agricultural terraces that served as the Inca agricultural laboratory to experiment with their crops. Moray holds history and scenic beauty. From here you can also get to the salt and enjoy the spectacle of the salt wells.
5 – Ollantaytambo – Cusco Tours
Considered the “living Inca town”; this town welcomes us with the mystery behind their Inca ancestors, intact homes, which does not seem the time has passed, different ecological, agricultural terraces and reservoirs of food, and the Inca bridge Pachar way. Also highlights the pink granite monoliths assembled with amazing perfection and Ollantaytambo Fortress military building consists of carved stone terraces whose purpose, like that of other strengths the same nature, was to protect the empire from another angle.
This area also appreciate Mańaraucay other monuments like the Incahuatana and Bańos de la Princesa.
But the main attraction of this region is its tradition and people. As suspended in time and dressed in the traditional way, we will go back to the Inca ancestors, sharing with local communities guide and myths, legends and customs that we will paint the picture of a powerful and mystical empire.
6 – Paucartambo – Tours Cusco
Following the alternate route to Pisac, among Huambutío Huancarani and beautiful example of colonial Peru with Andean roots reach Paucartambo. Narrow cobbled streets flanked by its charming houses with blue balconies that contrast with the blue of the sky.
In July we can participate in one of the most spectacular festivals in the area, the Feast of the Virgen del Carmen and enjoy an endless celebration where we will dance with masked the sound of the parades and processions in honor of the patron Paucartambo.
Bundle up and hit the course to the Mirador de las Tres Cruces, and witness one of the most memorable and beautiful sunrises in the world.
7 – Piquillacta – Tours Cusco
Called the “City of Fleas” was one of the most important centers for the Wari culture. It is a set of constructions whose goal was to defend its territory and storing agricultural products. A few steps further we will encounter the Lucre or Huacarpay lagoon, home of several animal species. Enjoy the landscape and regional meals in restaurants that are located in the area.
8 – Pisaq – Cusco Tours
Gateway to the Urubamba Valley, Pisac is a picturesque village of mestizo and colonial characteristics. Be part of local customs departing with their communities and enjoy crafts in the traditional market where you can find many objects and fabrics in the area.
Another attraction of Pisac is its origin in colonial church where Masses are celebrated in Quechua with Varayocs the presence of the local authorities.
Get ready for an uphill climb the hill where the archaeological site of Pisac, another important fortresses guarding also the capital of the empire was located. As we ascend we will witness the most spectacular terraces. Pisac is made up of several neighborhoods of the distinguished Qanturaquay, Amaru, Punku, Intihuanta or Solar Clock and Tanqanamanka, considered the largest pre-Columbian cemetery in South America.
9 – Plaza de Armas – Cusco Tours
Known by the locals of the time Aucaypata Square, which in Quechua means “Warrior Square” was one of the most important venues for the Incas who performed sizzling festivals like Inti Raymi.
Its beauty is highlighted by the beautiful frame given by its stone archways on two floors, the work developed with the arrival of the Spaniards in Peru.
10 – Puca Pucara – Cusco Tours
Puca Pucara is named in Quechua “Red Fort” due to the red rocks that acquired during twilight. Puca Pucara is another example of military architecture also worked as an administrative center, and invites us to walk its sidewalks, superimposed terraces, stairways and passages through which transited mythical characters of the Inca empire.
11 – Qenco – Tours Cusco
What impresses us to reach Qenco is the huge block of stone carved believed was used to store the chicha, corn drink consumed during the services. Getting into this complex of tunnels and underground galleries, decorated with Inca deities come to a circular courtyard in the center stands a stone or Wanka could represent an image.
12 – Qenco – Tours Cusco
If we want to exercise ourselves, walk to this impressive military fortress of the Incas, we will take 25 minutes and 10 minutes by car.
Located two kilometers from Cusco, Sacsayhuaman is a complex of granite platforms that communicate with each other by stairways and doors.
From the top of a hill, this fort jealously guarded the capital of the empire.
Besides his fame lies in the astonishing precision with which the stone blocks that comprise join. Include in its construction required the work of 20 000 men and took over seven decades lift.
Pay attention to detail in its ingenious architecture, this imposing fortress as representing the head of a puma, animal symbolizing Cusco during the empire. They also emphasize the Rodadero, natural rock outcrop, and the Throne of the Inca.
13 – Urubamba – Cusco Tours
Located in the center of Urubamba Valley and surrounded by the beautiful landscapes that characterize the Peruvian mountains, this town was pre-Hispanic agricultural center.
Enjoy delicious dishes in its famous taverns and restaurants and fill up their energy to explore other fields and landscapes adorned by imposing Nevado Chicon.
14 – Yucay – Tours Cusco
I Yucay we enter, town framed by beautiful scenery of green valleys with a temperate climate, and visit the Palacio del Inca Tupac Sayri, known rebel Vilcabamba, adobe and stone temple decorated with high and low relief.
Know the Colonial Church and the museum.
15 – Tipon – Tours Cusco
The Archaeological Site of Tipon is located 25 kilometers from Cusco. According to legends, Tipon is one of the royal gardens built by Wiracocha. It has twelve terraces flanked by stone walls perfectly polished and huge terraces, canals and waterfalls, with the flora, has breathtaking scenery.
16 – Limatambo – Tours Cusco
In the Chronicle of Peru, Pedro Cieza de León recognizes Limatambo as part of the scenario in which the bloody battle of Diego de Almagro “with the Indians before he entered the Cusco” was developed. The truth is that the history of this place, on which stands the impressive archaeological site of oldest account Tarawasi-made; perhaps since the flourishing years of the Inca expansion (1400 AD). According to the opinion of the investigators, Limatambo was one of four or cusqueńos tampus Tahuantinsuyo drums. Places of supply and rest were used on departure and upon arrival to the capital of the Incas. The others were Paucartambo Pacaraitambo and Ollantaytambo. These chambers were located in each of the four cardinal axes, 70 or 80 kilometers from the Imperial City.
17 – Machu Picchu – Cusco Tours
Machu Picchu Travel Escondida over the centuries, tangled in the magic of the forest and mountains, Machu Picchu stored within its walls the enigma of an empire and the legendary labyrinth of passages.
And Peru archaeological wonder of the world, considered by UNESCO “Cultural Heritage” and recently voted “New Wonder of the World”, Machu Picchu invites us to explore its intricate and spectacular architecture and solve one of the greatest mysteries history of Peru: the empire of the Incas.
Located on the left bank of the Vilcanota River in the gorge of Kusichaca, this spectacular building is perched on the summit of the mountain Machu Picchu, which in Quechua means “Old Mountain”. Faced with this, the summit of Huayna Picchuo young mountain is imposed. Both drenched rushing Urubamba River.
The highlight of this resort is complemented harmoniously with the natural environment that surrounds it, an effect that we rarely see in other works created by man.
18 – Choquequirao Trek – Cusco Tours
It is located in the Cusco region, and consists of nine sectors, among which are: the political and religious center, the system of water supply sources and channels, and the group covers.
It is necessary to emphasize the religious nature of this complex. The architecture is distributed around a plaza or town square, and is complemented by a well-preserved system of agricultural terraces. The archaeological remains are distributed in the down part of the hill Choquequirao and grouped by way of small neighborhoods, somewhat apart, following a probable fusion criteria and social rank.
The residential sector and terraces:
The residential area is located on the downhill side, while the flanks of the mountains contain the terraces of cultivation. Some of them had irrigation canals and were used permanently, while others were, to perish, temporary.
The ceremonial sector:
The ceremonial area is in the part called Plaza Principal, while the upper part there is a series of sophisticated buildings.
Fiestas del Cusco Tours – Peru Vip Trips
The parties Cusco from pre-Inca times to the present are maintained, taking into account the customs, and cultural traditions of the inhabitants of the city of Cusco. These holidays take into account the months of the year as the indigenous foods of each season.
Velacuy Cruz – Cusco Tours:
Your celebration of the Cross or Cruz Velacuy that is performed in various places of the city of Cusco every year, as well as in surrounding towns, usually begins the first day of May continued for two to three days at night, in which Catholic believers pray to the cross that is in the place intended for this celebration. It is so close to the city of Cusco is surrounded by hills, you get to watch multicolored lights that are remote to the cross alubrar is positioned in place. Also accompanying the believers with candles and candles with the belief that their sins are forgiven.
The day of the party is on 2 May of each year, the people in charge make an altar, the place where music huaynos as typical of the area is touched. That’s where people are happy with the orchestra hired by Butler and carguyoq or lights and candles around the cross light. Persons invited take place by all-night vigil until dawn.
Qoyllur Riti – Cusco Tours:
This party Cusco is one that brings together several nations or peoples from different places, to visit the place as a picture of the same name Qoyllur Riti. These people have different customs and costumes, as well as dance features. Wherefore do penance walking long distances to reach the mountain Qoyllur Riti (morning star or star of snow).
Those who give the party enhancement Qoyllur Riti are famous Ukukos are characters that make the representation of bears. These are the people who carry on their backs ice blocks as a way to be forgiven of their sins before Qoyllur Riti is a representative image of a crucified god painted on a rock.
Corpus Christi – Cusco Tours:
As Riti Qoyllur party, this popular festival of Corpus Christi is performed in the month of June after the previous. It aims to bring together various images of heroes or women that locals considered miraculous or have something special. The bring different areas of Cusco. To reach the main square of Cusco.
Faith that puts people to take their pictures with various dances and customs of the territory they inhabit is observed. Many of these carvings are brought from great distances around individual believers, accompanied with dances and meals offered to their gods.
All pictures culminate in the Cathedral of Cusco. Where as the belief gather to talk. For this reason the sculptures are placed for eight days, and then return to their places of origin from which they were brought.
Before the images are known in Spanish Cusco, was celebrated with a procession of Inca mummies and other nobles of the Inca empire. But the arrival of the Spanish invaders, destroyed and put belief in the Catholic religion, which still remains. Thus destroying the original Inca Empire belief.
On the feast of Corpus Christi there is a traditional dish that is Chiriuchu, a special dish that has meat, vegetables and spices of the three regions of Peru. It is very typical to see also the guinea pig is a native animal of the region of Peru in Cusco
Inti Raymi – Festival of the Sun – Cusco Tours:
The festival is a celebration of the Sun and is carried out shortly after the above parties Cusco. It is a party that determines the new winter season, which makes it much cooler than the other seasons. That lasts until December 21 of each year.
The Inti Raymi festival as Inca and stays there every year, which is why people from different countries of the world come to see the Inti Raymi at June 24 of each year, which is the date of this traditional Inca festival where thousands participate of stakeholders from different sectors.
The Inti Raymi starts in the Koricancha or Temple of Santo Domingo in Inca times was the Temple of the Sun Later still in the main square of Cusco and then culminate in the archaeological site of Saysayhuaman.
The Inti Raymi festival aims to worship the sun god as the sacred Inca (Inca Empire). That still remains a tradition in the city of Cusco by some people who have a belief in this god. For which it has as a main drink “Chicha” is a drink made from corn herbs from Cusco. This drink is usually used in ceremonies as a sacrifice to the earth.
Virgen del Carmen – Paucartambo – Cusco Tours:
This feast of the Virgen del Carmen is celebrated in the month of June, was imposed by the Carmelite friars in the year 1662. This party Cusco held in Paucartambo each year, where people from all over the world will observe the various dances are colorful with different kinds of dress and history. People who dance are the same place each year a family is responsible for making available their home, food, and you need to dance this representing that date.
For this party Paucartambo, people make reservations in advance, because the lodges are small and when the day of the party is not easily reached. Because Paucartambo is a small town where the streets are narrow and small. In Paucartambo is the famous colonial bridge made of stone known as Charles V, which is where the main image makes its main celebration followed by believers.
This virgin or goddess, is also representative of the Pachamama or translated into Spanish as Mother Earth. Therefore the head of the Catholic Pope John Paul II who was crowned at this venerated image by locals Paucartambo.